Here's a great photo of VW's battery for the ID lineup that shows all the different components.
But how does such a battery system work?
The high-voltage battery system uses lithium-ion cells, which are also used in mobile phones and notebooks.
A single battery cell is the smallest unit in the battery system. It can store energy and release it again.
Twenty-four of these cells are currently consolidated into one battery module. The number of modules that are then put together to create a battery system is variable.
This modular structure allows for maximum flexibility.
If the customer requests a higher range, then more modules will be fitted to the battery system. The fundamental structure however remains the same.
In the ID.3, up to twelve modules are put together via a battery connector to form a battery system. A voltage of up to 408 volts is applied in the system, which is considerably higher than that in a domestic socket, which only supplies 230 volts.
The power electronics control the high-voltage energy flow between the battery and the electric motor, converting the direct current (DC) stored in the battery to an alternating current (AC) for the traction motor.
At the same time, the 12-volt direct current electrical system is supplied with low voltage using a DC/DC converter. In a normal alternating current system, the battery is charged with a maximum charging power of 11 kW and in a direct current system with a charging power of up to 125 kW.
The MEB is making full use of the technical possibilities of electric mobility. The electric vehicle can be practically developed around the battery, so that there is enough space available for the energy storage device.
This constructive approach offers numerous advantages for the positioning of drive components and ancillaries. The battery’s flat structure and design in the underbody also allows for a spacious vehicle interior between the axles.
The aluminum battery housing with an integrated crash frame protects the battery and provides optimal stability as well as significant weight saving.
The aerodynamics in the vehicle underbody are optimized by the solid collision protection components, also made out of aluminum, of the battery system.